What I Need to Know About Type 2 Diabetes

Most people, around 90%, who have diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. The disease affects the way the body handles glucose and converts it into energy. According to WebMD, there are 27 million people in the United States that currently has Type 2 Diabetes (WebMD, 2015).

People who have Type 2 Diabetes still create insulin inside of their body through their pancreas. However, it does not use the glucose properly. This can be called an “insulin resistance” (WebMD, 2015).

Normally, the pancreas will create more glucose in order to keep the body functioning. However, it will eventually not be able to keep up with the amounts of glucose in the blood, causing high blood sugar.

Most of the time, the disease develops inside of people who are middle-aged or elderly. However, with the rise of childhood obesity, it has shown up in children, teenagers, and young adults.

There are several things that can cause Type 2 Diabetes. According to WebMD, normal causes are genes, extra weight, metabolic syndrome, too much glucose from the liver, bad communication between cells, and broken beta cells, known as islets. The more of these categories that fit, the higher chance of Type 2 Diabetes to form.

This form of diabetes also is more common when you are over the age of 45. Also, this type of diabetes is more common among minorities. Finally, if a brother or sister has diabetes, your chances of forming Type 2 Diabetes increases.

There are several symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes that can go unnoticed. According to WebMD, around 8 million people do not know that they have the disease (WebMD, 2015). Some of the symptoms are as follows: being thirsty, frequent urination, blurry vision, being irritable, tingling or numbness inside of the hands or feet, fatigue, wounds that do not heal, and frequent yeast infections (WebMD, 2015).

Type 2 Diabetes have several long-term effects. Most of this is due to high blood sugar. This can cause damage to your heart and blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, nerves, wound healing, and pregnancy (WebMD, 2015).

This form of diabetes has a wide variety of levels. Some people are able to handle this condition with exercising and healthier. For example, losing weight and daily exercise can make it easier for insulin more effective. However, some people need to get therapy and take tablets to balance out sugar in the bloodstream (USNLM, 2014). Quitting smoking will also help with Type 2 Diabetes.

The most common forms of medication are metformin and sulfonylureas. According to the United States National Library of Medicine, USNLM, “newer antibiotic drugs are also available- but there are still many unanswered questions about their effects” (USNLM, 2014).

Overall, there are several ways to help out with Type 2 Diabetes. The USNLM described it best when they said, “No matter what type of treatment you end up choosing, the key to managing diabetes is understanding the disease and knowing what you can do to help protect your own health” (USNLM, 2014). Therefore, maintaining strong communication with you doctor and understanding your body will help you take a huge step forward in fighting this battle.


Dansinger, M. (2015). Type 2 diabetes: the basics. Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-2-diabetes-guide/type-2-diabetes#3

National Center for Biotechnology Information (2014). Type 2 diabetes: overview. Web. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0072693/