Type 1 Diabetes Medications


Diabetes is a condition that causes complications with converting glucose into energy, causing high blood sugar levels. It is very normal for people with type 1 diabetes to take medication in order to manage their blood sugar. There is a target range for blood sugar levels that his or her physician will determine.

For type 1 diabetes, there are several different kinds of medications that are common. The main medication is insulin. Insulin is given through a shot, and it has different types that serve different purposes. According to Susan J. Bliss, “the type of insulin you need depends on how severe your insulin depletion is” (Bliss, 2016).

There are short-acting types of insulin. Two of the common medications are Humulin and Novolin. These are normally taken before meals to help regulate blood sugar. These are not as quick as rapid acting insulins. People who take short-acting insulin should be aware of their risk for hypoglycemia.

There are also rapid-acting insulins. These are broken down into insulin aspart, insulin glulisine, and insulin lispro (Bliss, 2016). Some examples of insulin aspart are NovoLog and Flexpen. An example of insulin glulisine is Apidra, and Humolag is an example of insulin lispro.

This is meant to treat hyperglycemia. It is very important to eat regular meals with rapid-acting insulin. It can cause hypoglycemia inside of people. The dosage is determined by your physician and is related to several factors including blood sugar levels, exercise, and other conditions. Therefore, it is important to stay in communication with your doctor at all times.

People with type 1 diabetes that take rapid-acting insulin should eat regular meals. Since your doctor prescribed the insulin based on those meals, it is best to keep it consistent. Skipping a meal or delaying it a few hours can cause spikes and plummets in blood sugar.

There are also intermediate-acting insulins. This takes longer than short-acting insulin and rapid-acting insulin to settle in. Some examples are Humulin N and Novalin N.

Some people use long-term insulin. This takes the longest to settle in, but it also lasts the longest. According to Bliss, there are four types of long-term insulins. They are as follows: insulin degludec (Tresiba), insulin detemir (Levemir), insulin glargine (Lantus), [and] insulin glargine (Toujeo)” (Bliss, 2016).

Insulin detemir is not injected into a vein or artery. Doing so can cause severe low blood sugar. Therefore, it is best with all of these medications to talk to your physician about the way to inject it, how often, and at what dose. It normally varies depending on your blood sugar readings.

There are also several different kinds of combination insulins.

Finally, there are Amylinomimetic drugs. These are meant to be taken before eating regular meals. It will lower your blood sugar and delay your stomach from digesting food. This helps to lower appetite (Bliss, 2016).

There are several different kinds of medications that can be taken with type 1 diabetes. Make sure to talk to your physician about which kind of insulin is right to use in different situations.


Bliss, S.J. (2016). A complete list of diabetes medications. Web. Healthline Media. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/diabetes/medications-list#Overview1