Discoloration and Calluses: The Relation of Diabetes and Foot Disorders

foot disorders

Diabetes has a strong association with foot disorders. This is normally caused by nerve damage that can impact the blood flow inside of the foot. It is very important to check your feet regularly if you have diabetes. Your risk for neuropathy is increased. This can cause change in the shape of your foot and severe pain. However, this is not the only thing that can happen to your feet if you have diabetes.

It is very common for diabetes to cause a change in color on a foot or toe. There are a few reasons for this. Sometimes it is due to the dryness of your feet. The American Diabetes Association, ADA, suggests that you do not soak your feet because it will cause them to dry up afterwards (ADA, 2016). They state, “The problem is that the nerves that control the oil and moisture in your foot no longer work” (ADA, 2016). Because of this, it is important to keep moisture inside of your feet.

The ADA suggests to dry your feet very well after taking a bath or shower. Then, coat them with petroleum jelly, hand cream, or other products that will trap the moisture. Do not put creams in between your toes because it could lead to infections.

Keeping your feet moist will help with issues. However, it might not stop you from getting calluses. According to the ADA, “calluses occur more often and build up faster on the feet of people with diabetes” (ADA, 2016). This is due to the amount of pressure that is placed on the foot. If you have too many calluses, this could lead to therapeutic shoes being a necessity.

If calluses are not treated, they can break open and become open sores. This will raise your risk for infections inside of your foot as well. Taking care of your feet on a consistent basis will help you to be aware of calluses and to trim them down when noticed. I would suggest allowing your physician or health care provider to cut them down to make sure there is not an opening for infection.

The ADA suggests using a pumice stone (ADA, 2016). By using a pumice stone daily, it can help with maintaining the calluses and taking care of your feet. I would suggest using the pumice stone after showering or bathing since it is better to use it on wet skin. Afterwards, it is important to apply lotions or creams. This will help out with the calluses.

Overall, it is important for you to take care of your feet. Paying attention to things like a discoloration can be a great start. Not only that, but calluses and blisters can cause extreme pain, damage, or infections if not treated properly. It should be of your upmost concern to take care of your feet properly. Using lotions and creams to trap in moisture should help a lot. However, the neuropathy can cause damage to your feet. Good communication with your healthcare provider will help you make the right treatment decisions going forward.

Bibliography

American Diabetes Association (2016). Foot complications. Web. American Diabetes Association. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/foot-complications/?referrer=https://www.google.com/